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About PSA


Poor governance and weak enforcement of existing laws and regulations are root causes of environmental degradation and the resulting threats to biodiversity and health in the Philippines. While the Clean Water Act of 2004 requires the development of sewage and septage treatment systems, implementation requires capacity building and technical assistance. The private sector needs to be engaged, and the capacity of local government units (LGUs) and water districts has to be strengthened for them to develop effective and sustainable sanitation programs.


The USAID Philippine Sanitation Alliance (PSA) was a four-year project that worked with LGUs, water districts and private sector partners to develop affordable ways to protect biodiversity and reduce public health risks through improved sanitation. Cities, water districts and private companies built 41 treatment facilities using appropriate technology. Projects included low-cost, low-maintenance treatment facilities for public markets, slaughterhouses hospitals and low-cost housing; and city-wide programs to properly maintain septic tanks (septage management). Cities developied effective promotion campaigns to increase willingness to pay for sanitation services and reduce the incidence of diarrhea through proper hygienic practices, particularly handwashing. Governance was also strengthened to reduce threats to biodiversity as LGUs worked to control wastewater discharges to coastal and freshwater ecosystems.

The PSA assisted partners through:

Participatory planning workshops to develop action plans;
Technical assistance to develop infrastructure and local ordinances;
Information sharing for nationwide replication through national associations of cities, hospitals, hotels and restaurants, and housing developers;
Site visits to learn about best practices and affordable options;
Information and resource materials on technology and financing options;
Training on how to develop effective promotion campaigns using a toolkit; and
Sharing project results and lessons learned in local and national conferences.

Under the USAID-Rotary International Water Alliance the PSA worked in partnership with Rotary clubs and districts to implement a septage management and sewerage project in San Fernando, La Union; and improve the state of the Pasig River and reduce poverty in Metro Manila through wastewater treatment, access to toilets, solid waste management and hygiene.

Results of the PSA project include:

  1. More than 1.4 million people in target areas with access to improved sanitation facilities;
  2. More than $4.1 million in non-USAID financing mobilized for sanitation projects and facilities;
  3. More than 3,000 people trained in environmental management, and 2,900 trained in child health and nutrition;
  4. More than a 31% increase in hygiene-related knowledge and behavior among specific groups;
  5. 15 pollution, urban environmental and/or hygiene regulations implemented; and
  6. 16 feasibility and special studies/plans prepared.
Last Updated on Tuesday, 16 April 2013 03:41