Action Plan Report

Action Plan Report
Zamboanga City

Project Background

The Philippine Sanitation Alliance (PSA) is a 3-year program of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).  The PSA brings together cities and private sector partners to develop affordable solutions to sanitation challenges. By providing Filipinos with access to sanitation services, the PSA aims to reduce public health risks and economic losses associated with pollution of drinking water supplies and fishery habitats. The objectives of the project are:

  • Demonstrating that community-based, affordable wastewater treatment systems can be implemented in subdivisions and low-cost urban housing developments;
  • Providing technical assistance to commercial establishments such as hospitals, hotels, markets and slaughterhouses, to develop sewage treatment facilities using appropriate, low-maintenance technologies; and
  • Improving sanitation and hygiene practices and willingness to pay for improved sanitation services through effective social marketing public information campaigns.

In addition, the Alliance will enhance the capacities of local governments in planning and implementing decentralized wastewater treatment systems and effective social marketing campaigns to create demand, and promote replication throughout the Philippines and Asia through exchanges and national associations.

AECOM has received a grant from USAID/Philippines to provide technical assistance to the Local Government Units (LGU) to develop short, medium, and long-term strategies for wastewater and sanitation through a participatory process. However, USAID funds will not cover actual project implementation, but some funds are available to pay for pre-engineering services and other expenses related to project packaging and development.

Brief Description of City or City Profile

The City of Zamboanga is located at the southernmost tip of the Zamboanga Peninsula in the island of Mindanao. It is bounded on the west by the Sulu Sea, on the east by the Moro Gulf and on the south by the Basilan Strait and Celebes Sea. Its distance from Manila is about 460 nautical miles, about 372.57 nautical miles from Cebu City and about 340.17 nautical miles from Davao City. It is about 365 nautical miles northeast of Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia and about 345 nautical miles northeast of Manado, Indonesia.

The vastness of the City is best exhibited by its northeast highway boundary with Zamboanga Sibugay 87 km away from the urban center, and about 40 km northwest towards Zamboanga del Norte. One may be traveling by bus for two hours through the hinterlands and still be within the territorial boundaries of Zamboanga City.

Zamboanga City is the third largest city in the Philippines (the other two are Davao and Puerto Princesa). The City has a total land area of 148,338.49 hectares. The mainland is about 142,089.90 hectares and the 33 islands consist of 6,248.50 hectares.

The City has 98 barangays: 30 in the urban center and 68 in the rural areas. The City’s territorial boundaries are about 87 km towards the northeast adjoining the Province of Zamboanga Sibugay and about 40 km towards the northwest adjoining the Province of Zamboanga de Norte.

The Technical Working Group (TWG)

Team Leader:  Dr. Eduardo M. Bisquera, Jr., OCENR


For. Gerry R. Pollisco, OCENR
Mr. Conrad P. Sontillano, CPDC
Engr. Domingo B. Pallar, CHO
Engr. Romeo P. Hiso, CEO
Mr. Rodrigo S. Pagotaisidro, HLMD, CMO
Engr.  Alejo S. Rojas, Jr., Zamboanga City Water District
Engr. Rolando M. Pantaleon, Zamboanga City Water District
Engr. Josefino P. Belocura, Jr., DENR-EMB-R9
Engr. Jose Maria M. Molina, DOST-R9
Dr. Marilou E. Elago, Academe
Mr. Marlon Simbajon, Media

The Workshop Results

The objective of the workshop is to meet with relevant stakeholders, inform them about the overview of the three (3) years technical assistance project, get their support, and discuss and revise the initial list of projects in order to come up with an Action Plan to be used by the city to address wastewater issues. The action planning workshop was held on March 6, 2008 in a multi-stakeholder consultative workshop using a highly participatory and consensus-building approach.

Specific activities and schedules are detailed in the action plan below that will guide implementation of the activity. LGUs will have the opportunity to review the action plan, provide comments, and finalize according to city priorities.  The final action plan will be approved by USAID. If the activities described in the action plan cannot be implemented for any reason, proper adjustments, in consultations with City Team and key stakeholders, can be made in order to produce the highest quality results possible.

Participants pledged to work together cooperatively, to share resources, information, and learning experiences in order to accomplish the targets set and implement the action plan.

A. Sources of Pollution:

1. Domestic

  • Households
  • Effluent from septic tanks

2. Medical Waste

  • Hospital Leachate

3. Dumpsite

  • Leachate from the dumpsite

4. Public Market

5. Commercial

  • Hotels, eateries, restaurants
  • Movie houses

6. Agricultural Waste

  • Poultry and hog raisers
  • Farm liquid wastes
  • Pesticides and fertilizers
  • Slaughterhouse
  • Proposed Project Ideas

Short-Term Projects

A. Housing Sector

1. Mampang 1 Resettlement Waste Water Treatment Project (8   Ha. 200 families); has open space near border of Sampang and San Juanino);
2.  Lunzuran Subdivisions (2 big subdivisions and Ateneo);
3. Information, education campaign on clean water act and other related laws, rules and   regulations, orders on sanitation (Target: housing associations, youth, women, cooperatives);
4. Trainings/Orientation involving the members of the TWG on Sanitation technical matters; Capability building for the LGU in the design and establishment of the waste water treatment facilities;
5. Exposure Trips of TWG;
6. Regulatory Reforms: For concern agencies to implement fully the laws and regulations on Sewage and Septage;
7. Regulatory Reforms: Provide incentives for best practices and compliance;

B. Local Government/Barangays

1. Wastewater Treatment Facilities (WWTF) Sta. Cruz Market (>500; <1000 stalls) approximately 1.5 hectares with public toilets, wet section, carenderia; with space;
2. WWTF Main Market (1,052 stalls) at least 2 hectares with public toilets; wet section, carenderia; with space with demolition;
3. WWTF Slaughterhouse;
4. Information/Education Campaign (Target: market stall-owners);
5. Enhanced Advocacy on Water Pollution and Solid Waste Management;
6. Communal Toilet in Badjao Village "Toilet for Every Household Program" Construction of a public toilet per Barangay Construction of toilet for Male/female Identify fees to be collected:

  • urinate– P1.00
  • waste – P5.00

7. Strict implementation CITY ORDINANACE No. 500 (Sanitary Code of Zamboanga City); and
8. Information, Education and Communication (IEC) campaign; Target: general public

C. Hospitals

  • Hold election of officers and meet;
  • PHA local chapter to plan out activities; including Action Planning of PHA for inclusion in the TWG over all action Plan;
  • Request LGU to partner with PHA/PHAP to have a Central Treatment Plant for hospital waste in the meantime that hospitals have no treatment plant (9 big hospitals within the city) if and when a central facility will be provided, PHA to request City to adopt or pass policies and guidelines on healthcare wastewater management (utilization of facility) maybe through PPP;
  • Request City for strict compliance and implementation of Sanitation Code; and
  • Training on-site visitation of hospitals with working WWTP (to be piloted in brent hospital); Training technology & financing options and Orientation on use and maintenance of WWTP -Monitoring / documentation.

D. Business Sector

  • Collect data on septic tanks on number of septic tanks in the Urban Barangays, how many are accessible, estimate volume of septage (water produced 90,000 cu.m./day);
  • Meet to present and discuss data and develop septage management program;
  • Prepare pertinent septage management ordinance (Review Zamboanga City Ordinance (Lisa to distribute);
  • Improve enforcement of regulations (stop dumping of raw sewage of businesses) and proper design of septic tanks training, information dissemination (fliers to business owners during renewal, information on grease traps for restaurants, etc.);
  • Present information on the sewage collection system (data, expansion plan);
  • Engr. Rojas present information on current coverage and problems (clogging) cost of repairs, sources of funds, expansion plans (976 connected);
  • Develop long term plans for sewerage Review CDS and see how sewerage can fit in;
  • Ben will discuss on March 14 with Chamber of Commerce, suggest they write to the mayor to push for action (Tourism council included);
  • Find funds for sewerage collection and treatment;
  • Information campaign (Target: Businesses, Public); and
  • Need technical information on options for onsite treatment for commercial establishments.

E. Non-Government Organization (NGO) Sector

1. Multimedia Campaign (Target: General Public) Flyers, Seminars on Health and Sanitation, text brigade, Chavacano, Bisaya and Tausug Comics, Drama, Invite Chin Chin Gutierrez, Kris Aquino, Webpage on Health and Sanitation in Zamboanga;
2. Modular Information for Sanitation for different levels of School Children(Target: School Children; later curriculum); Contest (drawing, slogan, visits of different areas in the city); Coastal clean-up, Soap making,  Barangay Assembly, PTA-Student and Capability Building for Kabataan Barangay (Capacitate Kabataan Barangay to start them young); and Ms. Lydia Lubaton (secretary of rotary central).
3. Compliance Matrix Status Report on Health and Sanitation in Zamboanga Dissemination [Survey, House visits, Inspection, Stickers on all tricycles, Lectures/speakers, Media Activities (radio, newspaper);
4. Feasibility Technical Study (in conjunction with the sewage treatment for every barangay). Feasibility studies on the sewage problem at the Barangay level.

Medium-Term Projects

A. Housing Sector

1. Tulungatung Resettlement Waste Water Treatment Project (42 hectares, 500 to 3,000 families)
2. Shanty Town Waste Water Treatment Project (Pasonanca, Luyahan) 8.9 hectares, 500 families

Long-Term Projects

A. Local Government/Barangays

1. Sewerage Treatment Plant within 7km radius of the urban core

  • Action Plan Matrix




Lead Agency


  • Establishment  an on-site wastewater treatment facilities (WWTF)
    • Housing Sector



    • Slaughterhouse



    • Public Market



Mampang 1 Resettlement Area in Brgy. Mampang, ZC

City Abattoir,
San Roque, ZC


Main Public Market & Sta. Cruz Public Market

  • Proposed site inspection
  • Plant tour to existing WWTF
  • Preparation of the detailed plan (WWTF)
  • Submit detailed plant to the Bid & Awards Committee
  • Monitor implementation/Construction
  • Acceptance by the City the construction of WWTF
  • Secure DENR Clearance
  • WWTF Operationalization

9.Development of Environmental Management Plan (EMP)
9.1. Formulation of EMS
9.2. EMS Training
9.3. Implementation of EMS



Housing and Land Management Division (HLMD)


OCENR, City  Admin, OCVET & City Abattoir

CEO/City Admin.


  • Information, Education & Communication (IEC) campaign:


2.1. Pre-assessment


2.2.  Intervention phase


2.3. Post -assessment

Entire City of Zamboanga



  • Knowledge, Attitude, & Practices (KAP) Survey
  • Wastewater Volume
  • Physico-chemical Survey
  • Develop a module
  • Information & dissemination on sanitation and water treatment


  • KAP Survey
  • Evaluation
  • Recommendation



3. Capability Building

3.1.  Training/Workshop -Development of a Comprehensive Program for Septage Management

3.2. Training/Workshop -Development of a Campaign Plan/Strategies

Entire City of Zamboanga


Develop a Comprehensive Program for Septage Management in Zamboanga City


Develop a campaign plan/strategies







18 June 2008



July 7 & 8, 2008


Prepared by:                                                                      Reviewed and Endorsed by:


FOR. GERRY R. POLLISCO                                                 DR. EDUARDO M. BISQUERA, JR.
TWG Member, PSA Project, Z.C.                                          TWG Team Leader, PSA Project, Z.C.

Noted by:


EXECOM Member/Department Head, OCENR, Z.C.

Last Updated on Sunday, 24 April 2011 23:02  
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